Info on Diabetes cure using stem cells

Diabetes cure using stem cells is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.

Diabetes cure using stem cells is an ongoing project and is also showing fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now conducting clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure includes transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed therefore no insulin is produced. These patients have to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide warning signs once the blood sugar levels are too low. Many Type 1 diabetics do not have any warning and often just blackout which may be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can’t treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible cure for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not adequate donors to go around with just about 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to obtain totally off insulin therapy.
The solution to this problem would be to make islets inside the lab using stems cells. There is currently research taking place using controversial embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But because of the ethical as well as political debate regarding stem cells this path to a cure is moving little by little. People who think that life starts at conceiving strongly oppose embryonic stem cell research as the cells originate from human embryos that happen to be destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells have not aged into human cells and also have the greatest potential to become any type of cells in the body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Oppositions to this research feel that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But there are studies which raise questions about the capacity of these cells as therapies.

A recent published study claimed that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – they’re called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it hasn’t been able to be modelled.

Even though the research using stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe this study supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics to be able to stop taking insulin injection after their own bodies start developing the hormone naturally.

Diabetes cure using stem cells is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the fight to look for a remedy for this long-term disease.