How stem cells treat diabetes facts

How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever on-going subject for scientific research and displays great promise.

How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever recurring subject matter for medical research and reveals great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently conducting clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new process involves transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body following the first transplant can provide signs when the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don't have any warning and quite often just black out which is often hazardous when driving a car or executing other crucial tasks symptoms of diabetes.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is actually a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States that have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there aren't enough donors to serve with only approximately 3,500 donor organs available this past year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The answer to this challenge is to produce islets in the lab making use of stems cells. There is currently research going on using controversial embryonic stem cells and also stem cells extracted from adults. But because of the ethical and also political debate regarding stem cells this pathway to a cure is going slowly. People who believe that life starts at conception highly fight embryonic stem cell research because the cells originated from human embryos that happen to be destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells haven't matured into human cells and possess the greatest possibility to become any type of cells in the human body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Competitors to this research think that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you will find studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as therapies.

An up to date published study described that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells obtained from a pancreas to become islet cells that produce insulin - they are called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be reproduced.

Even though the research using stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe that this investigation supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics as a way to stop taking insulin injection just after their own bodies start producing the hormone naturally health and advice.

How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever ongoing subject for medical research and shows great promise in the battle to discover a remedy for this serious disease.