Current stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is definitely an ongoing project and is showing great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an on-going project which is displaying mediabeteshelp fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently performing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These patients have to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body right after the first transplant will give warning signs if the blood sugar levels are too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and frequently just black out that may be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren't adequate donors to go around with just approximately 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this challenge would be to make islets within the lab utilizing stems cells. There is currently research taking place using questionable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving gradually. People who think that life starts at conception strongly battle embryonic stem cell research since the cells come from human embryos which are destroyed in the process. Embryonic stem cells have not matured into human cells and also have the greatest potential to turn into any type of cells inside the body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents to this research believe that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the answer to this problem. But you will find studies which raise questions about the potential of these cells as therapies.A recently available published study revealed that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells taken from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin - these are generally called beta cells, but there's debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to become reproduced.

Even though research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics to be able to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone naturally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the battle to look for a remedy for this long-term disease.